ABOUT Manyavar Kasi Ram.
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Kanshi Ram (March 15, 1934 – October 9, 2006) was an Indian politician. He
founded the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP), a political party with the stated goal of
serving the traditionally lower castes of Indian society (that historically also
included untouchables). He transferred the BSP's leadership to Mayawati. His leadership
brought the party to power in India's most populous state, Uttar Pradesh in 1995,
at that point Mayawati became the state's Chief Minister.
“Kanshi Ram was born to Bishan Kaur and Hari Singh, of Dalit/Ravidasi/Chamar
Sikh background, at Khawaspur village in Ropar district of Punjab. “
He completed his Bachelor's degree in Science (B.Sc) from the Government College
at Ropar affiliated to The Punjab University.
“Kanshi Kanshi Ram joined the offices of the High Energy Materials Research
Laboratory (HEMRL), then became part of the Defence Research and Development Organisation
(DRDO), in Pune. “
During his tenure in the DRDO in 1965 he joined the agitation started by Scheduled
Caste Employees of Government of India to prevent the abolition of a holiday commemorating
B.R. Ambedkar's birthday.
“KanshiIn 1978 he formed the, BAMCEF-Backward(SC/ST & OBC) and Minority
Community Employees Federation. The BAMCEF was purely non political,Non Religious
& Non Agitional organisation. Later on he formed another Social organisation
known as DS4. He started his attempt of unifying the Dalit vote bank in 1981 and
by 1984 he founded the Bahujan Samaj Party. The BSP found success in Uttar Pradesh
but struggled to bridge the divide between Dalits and Other Backward classes
He represented the 11th Lok Sabha from Hoshiarpur Constituency, Kanshiram was also
elected as member of Lok Sabha from Etawah in Uttar Pradesh . In 2001 he publicly
announced Kumari Mayawati as his successor
“KanshiIn He was already a diabetic and he suffered from a heart attack in
1994 followed by the formation of a clot in the brain artery in 1995. He has suffered
a brain stroke in 2003. From around 2004 or so, Kanshi Ram stopped appearing
publicly as he was suffering from various health problems. He convalesced at the
home of Mayawati. “
On October 9, 2006, he died of a severe heart attack in New Delhi. Ram, who suffered
from multiple ailments such as stroke, diabetes and hypertension, was virtually
bed-ridden for more than two years.
According to his wish, last ritual were performed as per buddhist tradition,
the pyre of Kanshi Ram was lit by his soul heir Kumari Mayawati. His ashes were
placed in Urn and kept at Prerna Sthal, with huge procession accompanied by lakhs
of India under National Education Policy of 1986 (as updated in 1992) and the Programme
of Action 1992 reaffirm national commitment to universalisation of elementary education
(means education upto class eighth). Para 5.12 of NPE resolves that free and compulsory
education of satisfactory quality should be provided to all children upto 14 years
of age before we enter the 21st century.
Keeping above in view, a World Bank assisted project called Basic Education Project
had been undertaken in 1993, for expansion of quality basic education in the state.
For smooth running of this project, a society "Uttar Pradesh Sabhee Ke Liye
Shiksha Pariyojana Parishad (U.P. Education for all Project Board) has been established
on 17 May, 1993 under Societies Registration Act of 1860. It s objectives are :-
The Parishad shall act as an autonomous and independent body for implementation
of the Uttar Pradesh Education For All Project (Hereinafter referred to as "the
Project") as outlined in the Project Document published by the Government of
Uttar Pradesh and its revised version that may be prepared on the basis of review
from time to time. The activities of the Parishad will be concentrated in selected
districts, but may extend to the whole State of U.P. in respect of selected and
sponsored projects. The Parishad has been established to function as a societal
mission for bringing about a fundamental change in the basic education system, and
through it in the overall socio-cultural situation. The following specific objectives
of the Project would be pursued by the Parishad :
- Universalisation of Primary Education, viewed as a composite programme of (i) access
to primary education for all children up to 14 years of age; (ii) universal participation
till they complete the primary stage through formal or non-formal education programmes;
and (iii) universal achievement atleast of the minimum levels of learning.
- Provision of continuing education and skill development programmes for youth.
- Making suggestions for greater gender equality in education and female empowerment.
- Making necessary intervention to provide equal educational opportunity to children
belonging to the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and the poorest sections of
- Laying special emphasis on all educational activities on culture and communication;
science and environment and inculcation of a sense of social justice.
Basic Education Project started in 1993 covered 17 districts. The project was completed
in 2000. The District Primary Education Programme-II was started in 1997 in 22 districts
of the state which ended in 2003. Moreover, DPEP-III was started in 32 districts
of the state in 2000 and has ended on 31 March, 2006.
Janshala project was implemented in district Lucknow during 2000-2003.
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan was started in the state in 16 districts in 2001-2002 and
now covers all 70 districts of the state.